18.1.10『最简美式口语034』【有趣的二八定律 The 80/20 Principle 】中英对照情景对话

time:2018-01-10 Source:

110日有趣的免费英语课《英语PK台》京晶主持

节目直播:1400-1500 当晚重播:2200-2300

周三嘉宾  #跟老美学地道美语#

周三主题:Real Life English『最简美式口语034』【有趣的二八定律 The 80/20 Principle 中英对照情景对话 


了解今日课堂题目:

著名的效率法则(The 80/20 Rule)二八定律是一项对提高人类效率影响深远的法则。它认为:原因和结果、投入和产出、努力和报酬之间存在着无法解释的不平衡。一个事物20%的特性决定了其80%的重要性,关键的少数,往往决定了整个组织的产出、盈利和成败。在任何特定的群体中,重要的因子通常只占少数,而不重要的因子则常占多数。因此,只要掌握重要的少数,即能掌握全局。这就是“重要的少数与琐碎的多数—2/8定律”。

『最简美式口语034』【有趣的二八定律 The 80/20 Principle 】


Dialogue : (课堂全文本于微信公众号【英语PK台】课后发送,参与直播互动中译英练习需加京晶微信goingforgold2018


Dialogue 1

(Jingjing and Mark are having lunch together.)

Jingjing: Mark, I'm glad we could meet again for lunch.

Mark: Me too. Are you busy these days?

Jingjing: Not too busy to eat. But my - pretty full. How about you?

Mark: Well, there's a lot of work for me to do. But I don't ---waking hour at work. I even have time fo-----

Jingjing: I saw you have a new book in your bag. -------

Mark: Oh, this? It's called the 80/20 Principle. ------ first two chapters.

Jingjing: What's the premise?

Mark: You spend 80% of your time----- With just 20% of your energy, you achieve 80% of your results.

Jingjing: What kind of results is the---?

Mark: He was a business consultant and an investor. ------ 80% of sales, 20% of companies in any one industry controlling 80% of the market, ---------------

Jingjing:  Hmm, I'm guessing the book is mostly------ that valuable 20%, and prioritizing.

Mark: Yeah. I'm hoping the --------I haven't read yet.

Jingjing: Are you planning to read the book cover to cover?

Mark: I might not. The author points o-----reading one book. Just read the end first, then the beginning, --------

Jingjing: Yeah, that's what I often do when I read a book.

Mark: Well, at least there's an--------- pages of this one.

Dialogue 2

(the next day)

Jingjing: Hey, I've been thinking about that 80/20 principle. -----

Mark: Yes. One out of five people in a company-------. Two members of a ten-person team do most of the work.

Jingjing: So, just 20% of the people in a---------

Mark: No, that's putting it too crudely. ------ Most people just haven't found suitable work for themselves.

Jingjing: Does that mean most ---------- change jobs?

Mark: Possibly. The author talks more a----- in work that they can't do effectively.

Jingjing: There's a difference between what ------adds value to a company. I remember reading about how ---------

Mark: They were such a cutting edge company------. According to what you read, what happened?

Jingjing: As the company got big, it became less nimble.

Mark: That's a typical story.

Jingjing: Worst of all, they had a policy----. As a project got finished, -----—the two best, seven mediocre ones, and the ---- person on the team.

Mark: So, even if the manager picked the--- for a project team, she would have to later report---?

Jingjing: Yes. Isn't that terrible? It's a good thing threw stack ranking -----

Mark: Too right! Perhaps now we can expect good -------------


new words and phrases

From dialogue 1

Every waking hour every hour in a day, or a series of days, when you are not sleeping

premise the main idea, especially at the outset of writing something

stock portfolio all the stocks owned by one investor, not just in one company

prioritize treat something as more important/urgent

bits pieces, parts


From dialogue 2

That’s putting it (too) crudely describing something in a way that ignores important details

caught up in stuck in, occupied by

cutting edge newest, most advanced, needed by people

nimble able to change quickly and respond to new needs

throw (something) out the window get rid of something (especially an idea or a practice)


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